Reduce: Reducing our usage and wasteful habits. This report, which was entitled Our Common Future, produced the most widely accepted definition of Sustainable Development—”development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”. The term sustainable development became fashionable in the 1980s in both the world conservation strategy and the book entitled “Our Common Future”, known as the Brundtland Report, 1987. In order to try and promote more sustainable paths of development for different regions a portfolio of policies have been suggested in diverse field of application (Table 25.2). What are antibiotics? Class -- 10 || Chapter -- 1 -- Sustainable Development (Unit-5) || ��� Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. There have been several different approaches which have attempted to incorporate sustainability into decision making. It is a human-centered strategy focusing on improved quality of life in which environmental quality is an important part. Sustainability is a necessary but not sufficient condition for SD. The threats to our long-term ecological security are real and are growing slowly and insensibly but surely. If inertia and inaction tended to be inconsistent with biological survival, a somewhat similar reasoning suggests that, now, lack of intervention might pose problems for sustained human prosperity and human survival. The term ‘Sustainable’ stands for sustainability and it represents an approach to development which is concerned with such fundamental human concerns like poverty, environment, equality, democracy, development and peace. This article presents 10 objectives that must be achieved for the sustainable development strategy to succeed. Unless our life-style is subjected to considerable re-evaluation including the adoption of far-reaching self-control regarding the satisfaction not of real but of self-gratifying desires, the emphasis on ecology could become yet another intensifier of the conflict between the rich and the poor. Basically the world's standard definition of environmental sustainability is sustainable development, which means sustainable economic growth, which is an oxymoron. Industrial activities created pollution problems of local, regional and interregional magnitudes. Sustainable Development Policies: The primary consideration of sustainable development policy is to maintain and enhance the ecological and environmental systems of the planet so that other objectives such as the maintenance of biodiversity, the eradication of poverty and the improvement to the quality of all life can be accomplished early in the twenty first century. Today, very few have the comprehension and the capability to break this vicious circle successfully. While scientists have continuously sought to create an underlying essence of SD expressed in more objective ecological termsâa sustainability scienceâ this tends to avoid rather than address the value judgments that are at the very heart of SD. Woodland and re-vegetation of marginal lands; 6. By adding the concept of , sustainable development means not only that humankind should satisfy its current needs without compromising the ability of future generations doing the same. A fear has been also expressed in certain quarters that the term can be used as a front for justifying increasing restrictions on the process of economic growth based on the trade-offs necessary to address the question of inter and intra generational distribution. There is no major evidence to suggest that climate change was due to human influences prior to the twentieth century. Financial institutions can do much in this regard by requiring the credit borrowers of large size businesses to produce their ISO 14000 certification and, in subsequent stages, the appropriate environmental ratings. Sustainable Development: Paragraphs on Sustainable Development! Abstract PIP: Sustainable development is one of the fundamental strategies for China's socioeconomic development in its 10th 5-Year Plan (2001-2005) period and beyond. A move towards market based economic development was promoted without consideration of environmental damages. The obvious result of this individually rational action is ruinous. Reuse: Using things again ins��� New markets and incentives, and market-based instruments for improving environmental implications of economic activities, are examples of direct intervention by government which can effectively facilitate socially-beneficial outcomes. In comparison, the current period is faced with human- induced climatic changes, as well as the problems of environmental degradation. Sustainable development has continued to evolve as that of protecting the world���s resources while its true agenda is to control the world���s resources. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The bedrock of sustainable development is composed of freedom and democracy -- a system of governance which gives freedom to a community or a nation, within an universally accepted social framework that prescribes penalties for harming another community or nation, to control the use and management of its natural resources so that it can determine its own way of economic and social development. The race for resource exploitation and economic growth heated up, especially after World War II. Instead of thinking only in terms of GDP and GDP per capita, we have to think in terms of GDH—Gross Domestic Happiness. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Mayan civilisation in the Western hemisphere began to flourish around the third and the fourth centuries AD; the civilisation collapsed rather suddenly during the tenth century, a period which also coincided with temperature rise and climate change in the region. The strongly normative nature of the sustainable development concept makes it difficult to pin down analytically. As the total stock of cattle increases, greater demands on a limited food supply for the cattle are made, so that, sooner or later, overgrazing occurs. In February 2001, the Tata Energy Research Institute organised the first Sustainable Development Summit in New Delhi. The industrial-technological and economic development registered by the humankind during the past 100 years has not proved to be a real development in so far as it has created imbalances in the environment as well as among nations. The 3 R���s to save the environment can be performed by each individual in our society: 1. Men and women have the right to live their lives and raise their children in dignity, free from hunger and from the fear of violence, oppression or injustice. The Both the climate change and environmental mismanagement contributed to these disasters. No doubt, at that time, there were dire needs to rebuild societies and economic systems. If they cannot be continued indefinitely then they are not sustainable. Eg. Sustainable development represents an opportunity to construct a new approach, and the success of these efforts has powerful implications for issues of peace and security. The link between environmental and socio-economic degradation cannot be overlooked particularly because, in the past, what took hundreds of years is now getting telescoped into a few decades. Private industry has the most significant potential to contribute its might to the processes, principles, and practices relevant for SD. The term Sustainable Development was popularized in 1987 by the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development through the Brundtland Report. On the whole, however, the environmental debate and the continuing puzzle of underdevelopment have had an impact on the way we think about growth and progress. In the past, the utility and feasibility of such projects used to be determined only in terms of economic gains. II. Industrial and technological development should be secured in such a way as should not in any way disturb the ecology of environmental and the socio-economic cultural life of the people. Another important area with implications for the basic requirement of SD is technical innovations and the role of the government. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Share Your Word File
These approaches cover environmental, economic and sociopolitical indicators. Use the library and websites to do your research. From the perspective of policy makes, in both the private and public sectors of the economy, a growing number of agencies has seen that sustainable development appears to be an important paradigm for the twenty first century. Environment Sustainable Development NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development. Hardin suggest that there are solutions to this problem. Whether confronting the challenges of the present or the future, a new approach to development is a necessity and it requires a real revolution in our behaviour and mentality. The role of the private sector continues to grow in every aspect of life, and so does its responsibility toward the environment and its sustainability. Undoubtedly, industrial and infrastructural projects are means for development. Image Guidelines 5. Policies. This is one policy suggested by Hardin (1968), but this policy also presupposes a human population policy to limit the number of herdsmen, otherwise the tragedy would only be delayed. NCERT TEXTUAL QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS. Due attention to these features lowers the transaction costs and adaptation costs of desirable changes for SD processes. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Sustainable development is now held to be an essential condition for securing stable, enduring, real and sustainable world peace, security and development. In 1968,Hardin published his essay or the “Tragedy of the commons”. Find several examples of sustainable development. The primary consideration of sustainable development policy is to maintain and enhance the ecological and environmental systems of the planet so that other objectives such as the maintenance of biodiversity, the eradication of poverty and the improvement to the quality of all life can be accomplished early in the twenty first century. The international community as a whole has now accepted the need for sustainable development instead of mere development. The extent and intensity of exploitation of the Earth’s resources during the twentieth century resulted in significant effects on major components of the biosphere, namely the atmosphere, land cover and biodiversity. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 Development in PDF here. The latter warrants a delicate balance of policies and priorities that are aimed at social, environmental, and economic development. 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