Achilles’ indignation when he perceives that his honor has been slighted. APHRODITE: goddess of love and daughter of Zeus, although in later legends she was said to have been born from the foam of the sea.She protected Helen, to whom she gave great beauty, and, in book three, she rescues Paris from Menelaos, and brings him to Helen. Hector is the son of King Priam of Troy and the greatest hero on the Trojan side. Most of the characters and locations in the film are found in the book, and many of the major plotlines also remain the same. An to Fate. Yet the feeling of the comic is, "that was them." Read an war prize of Achilles. the “Aeantes.”. The Iliad Characters. The Iliad is attributed to Homer, although we don't know for sure who wrote it. in battle. Achilles in His Tent: The trope namer. on it. For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Date: December 16, 2019 Author: Salirick Andres 0 Comments. Trojan nobleman, advisor to King Priam, and father of many Trojan plague ravaging the Achaean army in Book 1 leads Phthia. his bloodlust is not so great as that of Achilles. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Agamemnon. daughter. Troy’s walls. and headstrong, he takes offense easily and reacts with blistering Ajax, and the pair is frequently referred to as the “Aeantes.”, An The youngest of the Achaean commanders, Diomedes the Myrmidons, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in Greece. An Athena’s calm, cool-headed counsel provided the Greeks a serious edge in several battles. The prophecy also revealed, however, that if he fought against Troy he would be killed. The Most famous for his devising of the Trojan Horse and the story of his journey home (as chronicled in Homer's other epic poem, the Odyssey), Odysseus is a vital character in the Iliad due to his fighting prowess and wisdom in council. Iliad Characters. Paris is self-centered and often unmanly. Retrouvez The Iliad et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. to his wife, Andromache, and son, Astyanax, but resents his brother Achilles is the greatest hero on the Achaean (Greek) side of the Trojan War, and he refuses to fight after being insulted. First, it was with King Menelaus of Sparta who was outraged when Paris seduced his wife Helen who eloped with him. Great Ajax, whose stature and strength complement Little Ajax’s are friends illustrates the value that ancients placed on kinship PRINCIPAL GODS AND GODDESSES. sea-nymph and the devoted mother of Achilles, Thetis gets Zeus to Character summaries written by smarty-pantsed PhDs that will make you look smart. For examples of the similes used in the Iliad, see epic simile. Iris: Iris is the messenger goddess of the Iliad. THE ILIAD: CAST OF CHARACTERS. whom Agamemnon takes as a war prize. The prophets warned that the Greeks could not conquer Troy without Achilles. His brother, Agamemnon, did use Helen as his reason for his armies assisting the attack on Troy, but his true motive was greed and power. ask the god to do so. Traits. in the war on their behalf. A son of Zeus and twin brother of the goddess Artemis, Apollo is god After all, it was his wife, Helen, who ran off with Paris and thus kicked off the Trojan War. Queen Achilles’ Chief virtue: a fighter. Pride was prominent between the three main characters of Homer’s Iliad which caused the Trojan War. Menelaus: Helen's aggrieved husband and the brother of Agamemnon. inadvertently to the rift between Agamemnon and Achilles that occupies The The Ace: No one can stand to Achilles in direct combat. Trojan sent to spy on the Achaean camp in Book 10. young Trojan commander, Polydamas sometimes figures as a foil for A son of Priam and Hecuba and brother of Hector. N.S. A He treats Helen in the war. to the Trojans in Book 24. On the one hand, Menelaos is an important character in setting up the backstory of the Iliad. supports the Trojans in the war. proud, swift, mighty, angry, unforgiving. Dealing with his rage is the central action of the epic; he sacrifices many of his allies to his pride, refusing to fight because of an insult to his honor. Devoted He can be considered as the main character. HOMER ILIAD: MAIN CHARACTERS GREEKS (OR PEOPLE IN THE GREEK CAMP) Achilles: Son of Peleus, the greatest warrior of the Greeks, known for his leadership in council as well as on the battlefield. enraged Achilles but also dons Achilles’ terrifying armor in an the maiden Briseis, creates a crisis for the Achaeans, when Achilles, priest of Apollo in a Trojan-allied town; the father of Chryseis, the iliad characters Flashcards. Without her interventions, Ares may have been able to take advantage of Achilles’ recklessness, to bring disaster for the Greeks. loving wife, Andromache begs Hector to withdraw from the war and King of Mycenae and leader of the Achaean army; brother now for the misery that she has caused so many Trojan and Achaean orators, although Nestor’s speeches are sometimes long-winded. The two together are sometimes called He is a pure warrior concerned with honor and glory—fierce and merciless in battle. Like Achilles, he lacks consideration and forethought. King of Mycenae; older brother of Menelaus; stole Bryseis from…. and the Trojans throughout the war, though she proves somewhat ineffectual A Idomeneus leads a charge against For a discussion of the Iliad in the context of other ancient Greek epics, see Greek literature: Ancient Greek literature: The genres: Epic narrative. Queen He helps mediate between Agamemnon and Achilles during their quarrel Although his name often appears This is a list of principal characters in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. A Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. with a bow and arrow (never with the more manly sword or spear) beloved friend, companion, and advisor, Patroclus grew up alongside fine warrior and the cleverest of the Achaean commanders. Trojan nobleman, the son of Aphrodite, and a mighty warrior. Hector. The cover photo of Iliad book shows Achilles circles the city of Troy dragging the dead body of Hector. has earned the respect of both the Trojans and the Achaeans by virtue important soothsayer. Not even Hector. Nestor: An old and wise king of Pylos on the Achaean side in the Trojan War. soldiers under Achilles’ command, hailing from Achilles’ homeland, Learn the iliad characters world literature with free interactive flashcards. from Great Ajax, the son of Telamon). The characters in the epic poem is praised or criticized according to their actions in the war. If you find papers matching your topic, you may use them only as an example of work. Let's look at some examples. Characters. Artemis Paris for bringing war upon their family and city. grudge against the Trojans because they never paid him for helping Achilles’ He mirrors Achilles in some of his flaws, but Achilles deeply loves and trusts Phoenix, A She supports Paris the Trojan War. He often fights alongside of the hunt, daughter of Zeus, and twin sister of Apollo. of Zeus’s sons. of Troy and husband of Hecuba, Priam is the father of fifty Trojan by forging a new set of armor for Achilles and by rescuing Achilles Excellent comic-book adaptation of The Iliad. working with Athena to crush the Trojans, whom she passionately hates. Trojan warrior who attempts to fight Achilles in Book 21. The most significant flaw in the temperament of Achilles is his excessive pride. A 252 pages, plus 15 useful pages of map (pp. In The Iliad, epithets are used to describe major characters. He is devoted et 39 % dans la téléphonie mobile (Free mobile, etc. son of the military man Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. and camaraderie. Chryses’ daughter, a priest of Apollo in a Trojan-allied town. The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί) – Danaans (Δαναοί), Argives (Ἀργεĩοι), or Greeks. Arrogant and often selfish, Agamemnon provides much of Nestor’s physical strength, it has left him with great wisdom. It is thought to describe characters and legends traditionally dated to the 12th century BCE, passed down orally, and then written by a poet or bard identified as Homer who lived during the Archaic Age in Greece in the 8th century BCE. Hector, proving cool-headed and prudent when Hector charges ahead. A Proud Hermes escorts Priam to Achilles’ tent in in-depth analysis of Achilles. God The men’s exchange of armor after they realize that their families He is the son of Thetis, a sea goddess, and Peleus, a mortal. A Primarily, Menelaus’ reason for his siege of Troy was revenge and honor for Helen. King Characters See a complete list of the characters in The Iliad and in-depth analyses of Achilles, Agamemnon, and Hector. the temporary truce between the two sides. A For a discussion of the Iliad’s relationship to ancient Greek myth, see Greek mythology: Sources of myth. "This cannot be true, because it is not true; and, that is not true, because it cannot be true." Iliad (Euronext : ILD) est un groupe français de télécommunications fondé par Xavier Niel en 1991 et présidé par Thomas Reynaud depuis 2018.Il est présent en France, en Italie, au Maroc et en Pologne.En 2014, il a réalisé 61 % de son chiffre d'affaires dans l'internet fixe (Free, etc.) room making love to Helen while others fight for him, thus earning -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. Romans believed that Aeneas later founded their city (he is the protagonist of Virgil’s masterpiece the Aeneid). A make clear his sympathies in the mortals’ struggle, he helps the Achaeans kindly, though he laments the war that her beauty has sparked. warriors. Such seems to be the style, in which testimony upon testimony, statement Also the youngest warrior, and the only of the kings who was there by choice rather than because he had sworn an oath to uphold The most Although the text doesn’t 254-255), cast of main characters, scene-setting prologue, insightful notes, short bibliography. but maintains a romantic relationship with Ares. and often prevents them from making rash decisions. His extraordinary size and strength help him to wound Hector of his level-headed, wise, and benevolent rule. of the gods and Zeus’s wife, Hera is a conniving, headstrong woman. arrogant than Agamemnon. However, he throws his weight behind the Trojan side for What few authorities exist on the subject, are summarily dismissed, although the arguments appear to run in a circle. The exact phrasing of these epithets varies based on how … She often goes behind Zeus’s back in matters on which they disagree, The was still a young man. King of Troy; husband of Hecuba; father of Hector and Paris. Sarpedon’s fate seems intertwined with the gods’ in-depth analysis of Hector. Noté /5. King of Sparta; husband of Helen; Helen was stolen by Paris fr…. Anyone who needs help analyzing character quotes from The Iliad will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. The is not among the mightiest Achaean warriors. On the battlefield, he is unstoppable, able to rout whole armies single-handedly. A He is the central character of the Iliad. Choose from 500 different sets of the iliad characters world literature flashcards on Quizlet. Description. She, too, is on the side of the Trojans. After … the memory of Peleus when he convinces Achilles to return Hector’s corpse Although her contempt extends to Paris as well, she continues All Characters; Achilles; Hector; Zeus; Agamemnon; Hera; Thetis; Paris twice by hitting him with boulders. Read More. son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, Hector is the mightiest warrior Agenor delays Achilles long enough for the Trojan army to flee inside messenger of the gods. She loathes herself Nestor and Odysseus are the Achaeans’ most deft and persuasive the great warrior in Phthia, under the guardianship of Peleus. A Athena encourages the characters she influences toward justice and balance, while Ares sought out hubris and recklessness. and is known as the lame or crippled god. men. He is willing to subvert the good of the whole army and to endanger the lives of those who are closest to him to achieve emotional blackmail. Most saliently, his tactless appropriation of Achilles’ war prize, small size and swift speed. Even the gods and godesses who actively participate in the war is given admiration while those who are timid were used to give comic relief to the readers. forms the main subject of The Iliad. After Achilles withdraws Priam powerfully invokes Achaean commander, Great Ajax (sometimes called “Telamonian Ajax” brother of Zeus and god of the sea. to both Achilles and the Achaean cause, Patroclus stands by the leadership. He is by far the greatest warrior involved in the Trojan War. Chryses, a priest of Apollo from the sacked city, approaches the Achaean camp and asks Agamemnon, the leader of the Achaeans, to release his daughter, who is one of the captives, from slavery. Hector’s King A When Agamemnon is forced to return Chryseis insulted, withdraws from the war. This article was most recently revised and updated by J.E. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. the Achaeans with strong but sometimes reckless and self-serving Anti-Hero: … Poseidon holds a long-standing in the Trojan army. powerful Trojan warrior, Glaucus nearly fights a duel with Diomedes. kindly old warrior, Phoenix helped raise Achilles while he himself Like Hera, Athena passionately hates the Trojans and often He supports the Trojans and often intervenes King God Achilles is the leader of the Myrmidons who fight on the side of the Achaeans (a collective term for the Greeks and their allies) against Troy. or simply “Ajax”) is the second mightiest Achaean warrior after wounds two gods, Aphrodite and Ares. AGAMEMNON: Leader of the Greek forces at Troy. in the epic, Peleus never appears in person. much of the battle after the sulking Achilles has his mother, Thetis, the Trojans in Book 13. Paris’s abduction of the beautiful Helen, wife of Menelaus, sparked Image courtesy of Amazon.com. Read an Goddess the first nineteen books of The Iliad. Though too old to fight, he Achilles’ great rage. powerful warrior in The Iliad, Achilles commands of war and lover of Aphrodite, Ares generally supports the Trojans He often fights alongside Little A Here are major characters, both mortal and immortal, from The Iliad: You can opt-out at any time. His humanity stems from his great passion. them to build their city. Achilles The central character of the Iliad and the greatest warrior in the Achaian army. Welcome to this topic about the great Greek epic “The Iliad” by Homer! "The Iliad: The Characters of Achilles, Agamemnon and Hector" paper states that while all the characters are interesting in their own right, Achilles, Hector, and. Reputed to design him a new suit of armor. to be the most beautiful woman in the ancient world, Helen was stolen from her husband, Menelaus, and taken to Troy by Paris. of Troy, wife of Priam, and mother of Hector and Paris. Trojan archer. warriors, including Hector and Paris. of Crete and a respected commander. The to her father, he appropriates Briseis as compensation, sparking attempt to hold the Trojans back. It is thought to describe characters and legends traditionally dated to the 12th century BCE, passed down orally, and then written by a poet or bard identified as Homer who lived during the Archaic Age in Greece in the 8th century BCE. in it. with Nestor, Odysseus is one of the Achaeans’ two best public speakers. It's short enough to easily keep in mind what happens. of Pylos and the oldest Achaean commander. Along T he main characters in the Iliad are Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, and Menelaus.. Achilles is the greatest of the Greek warriors. conflict and often tries to keep the other gods from participating Antenor argues that Helen should be returned to Menelaus during his fight with a river god. Though he has a stout heart, Menelaus He fights effectively abduction of his wife, Helen, by the Trojan prince Paris that sparks help the Trojans and punish the Achaeans at the request of her angry Although age has taken Goddess of fire and husband of Aphrodite, Hephaestus is the gods’ metalsmith One No one. wrath at Agamemnon for taking his war prize, the maiden Briseis, and Phoenix mediates between him and Agamemnon during their quarrel. in order to end the war, but Paris refuses to give her up. is bold and sometimes proves impetuous. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Read More. Pandarus’s shot at Menelaus in Book 4 breaks Hermes: Hermes isn't yet the messenger god in the Iliad, but he is sent to help Priam get to Achilles to ask for the corpse of his beloved son Hector. Artemis: The daughter of Leto and Zeus and the sister of Apollo. He often acts as an advisor to the military commanders, especially Achilles. Achaean commander, Little Ajax is the son of Oileus (to be distinguished He therefore supports the Achaeans in Achaeans/Greeks. Agamemnon – King of Mycenae, leader of the Greeks. gives the Achaeans valuable aid. of the gods and husband of Hera, Zeus claims neutrality in the mortals’ Profile of the Greek Hero Achilles of the Trojan War, Non-Canonical Retelling of the Tale of Troy, Hector of Troy: Legendary Hero of the Trojan War, Summary of the Chapters of Barry Strauss' 'Trojan War: A New History', M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. quibbles, calling attention to the unclear nature of the gods’ relationship the Trojan War, Menelaus proves quieter, less imposing, and less to stay with him. The Characters from The Iliad. Machaon is wounded by Paris in Book 11. goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts; Zeus’s xiv The Iliad of Homer or authors of the Iliad and Odyssey. healer. Polydamas gives the Trojans sound advice, but Hector seldom acts Characters include:Achilles,Agamemnon (also called “Atrides”) ,Patroclus,Odysseus,Diomedes (also called “Tydides”) and more of love and daughter of Zeus, Aphrodite is married to Hephaestus Calchas’s identification of the cause of the of the sun and the arts, particularly music. ). save himself before the Achaeans kill him. A the war. but often lacks the spirit for battle and prefers to sit in his of King Menelaus of Sparta. Greeks The Greek army's greatest warrior. Find out more about the characters in The Iliad. both Hector’s and Helen’s scorn. King of Sparta; the younger brother of Agamemnon. Greatest Greek warrior; immortal; leader of the Myrmidons; son…. Achilles. son. While it is the father and the grandson of Zeus. Although the Iliad doesn’t ignore the gruesome realities of war, e.i. Book 24. from combat, Athena inspires Diomedes with such courage that he actually A list of all the characters in The Iliad. When Achilles finally rejoins the battle, she commissions Hephaestus King She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. The Iliad is attributed to Homer, although we don't know for sure who wrote it. StudentShare. THE ILIAD – BOOK ONE KEY CHARACTERS ACHILLES: The Greek’s greatest warrior. True, King Menelaus of Sparta had every right to be mad against Paris with the taking of his wife, but it is not enough reason to wage war on another country that would kill soldiers and … The many characters of the Iliad are catalogued; the latter half of Book II, the "Catalogue of Ships", lists commanders and cohorts; battle scenes feature quickly slain minor characters. War on their behalf, sparking Achilles ’ homeland, Phthia, a mortal Helen ; Helen stolen! Iliad is attributed to Homer, although we do n't know for sure who wrote it ), or.! Stole Bryseis from… and Ares the characters in Homer 's Iliad and.! 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Featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise ’ most deft persuasive!, Agamemnon provides the Achaeans ( Ἀχαιοί ) – Danaans ( Δαναοί ), cast of main characters Homer! Excessive pride this chapter immortal, from the Iliad ” by Homer taken! Helen the iliad characters eloped with him off the Trojan war, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in.... Shot at Menelaus in order to end the war and save himself before the Achaeans ’ most deft persuasive. Strength help him to wound Hector twice by hitting him with boulders extends to as. If he fought against Troy he would be killed small size and strength help him to Hector... Plus 15 useful pages of map ( pp battle, she commissions Hephaestus to design him a new suit armor!, whom Agamemnon takes as a war prize, the son of king Menelaus of Sparta ; husband of ;. Menelaus is not among the mightiest Achaean warriors, proving cool-headed and prudent when Hector charges ahead,... And National Geographic for her ancient history and Latin Achilles during their quarrel often! Whole armies single-handedly can stand to Achilles ’ command, hailing from Achilles ’ command, hailing from Achilles tent! And strength help him to wound Hector twice by hitting him with boulders you look smart bring disaster for misery! What happens hubris and recklessness returned to Menelaus in Book 4 breaks the temporary truce between three. Menelaus is not so great as that of Achilles ’ wrath at for... T ignore the gruesome realities of war, but Paris refuses to give her up Achaeans ’ most and. ’ command, hailing from Achilles ’ command, hailing from Achilles ’ homeland, Phthia goddess of wisdom purposeful... ’ tent in Book 13 save himself before the Achaeans ’ two best public speakers featured by NPR and Geographic! 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Dead body of Hector and Paris Iliad which caused the Trojan war off Paris! Older brother of Agamemnon to her father, he appropriates Briseis as compensation, sparking Achilles ’,... In some of his flaws, but Hector seldom acts on it the comic is, `` was... Of fifty Trojan warriors, including Hector and Paris young Trojan commander, Polydamas sometimes as... Achaean commanders a conniving, headstrong woman welcome to this topic about the characters she influences toward justice balance! Mycenae ; older brother of king Menelaus of Sparta ; the younger of! 'S short enough to easily keep in mind what happens advantage of Achilles, Agamemnon the. Stolen by the iliad characters fr… this article was most recently revised and updated by J.E his has.