If not, you should definitely read this lesson! Read more. Levator Scapula: Situated at the back and side of the neck Origin: Dorsal tubercles of the transverse processes of C1-C4 Insertion: Superior angle and medial border of the scapula Action: Elevates the scapula and rotates its inferior angle medially , Works in combination with the rhomboids and the pectoralis minor to rotate the scapula downwards 4. To expand your knowledge check out our article about the levator scapulae muscle check out our other articles, videos, quizzes and labeled diagrams. Insertion: Medial border of the scapula from pointed edge close to origin of the spine of the superior angle of the scapula (11, 19) imaginable degree, area of The levator scapulae is stretched passively in the supine position with the head supported on a mat. In these cases you might feel discomfort down the shoulder or on top of the scapulae. origin: C1-C4 transverse processes insertion: superior angle of the scapula innervation: direct branches from the C3-4 spinal nerves, and the dorsal scapular nerve (C5) arterial supply: transverse cervical artery and ascending cervical artery and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Palastanga, N., & Soames, R. (2012). just create an account. Medial border of scapula (from superior angle to spine) Actions. The Lev Scap may lie deep to the sternocleidomastoid at its origin, deep to the splenius capitis at its mid-portion, and deep to the trapezius at its lower portion. Think back to when you were in grade school. courses that prepare you to earn The levator scapulae is a muscle that is located at the posterior or back sides of the neck. C1 – C4 Processus Transversus (poikkihaarake) Insertio = kiinnityskohta. An isolated lesion of the dorsal scapular nerve with a consequent paralysis of the levator scapulae muscle is very rare. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The muscle fibers descend laterally to insert at the superior angle and medial border of scapula, between the superior angle and base of the spine of scapula. Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster. Origo = lähtökohta. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. study The levator scap brings the shoulder blade, or scapula, up, which is a … Levator Scapulae Syndrome is when there is pain around the insertion point of the Levator Scapulae. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. is a strap-like muscle in neck and shoulder region. and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide! The levator scapulae elevates and medially rotates the scapula; movements that occur when a person lowers their arm and hand from a raised position. Origin: Transverse processes of cervical vertebrae CI to C4. Attachments of Levator Scapulae: Origin & Insertion. As you raised your hand, your scapula (shoulder blade) actually moved downward, and as you lowered your hand back down, your scapula moved back up to its normal position (however, you most likely weren't thinking about this when you raised your hand to answer your teacher's question). You raised your hand, right? Levator Scapulae Muscle Innervation. Definition. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. As its name suggests, the main function of this muscle is to elevate the scapula. When viewed from the posterior, the muscles are masked by the trapezius muscle in the upper back. 2020 Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. A muscle usually inserts or attaches, to the part of the body (usually a bone) in which the muscle controls or moves. Rhomboid major Muscle Origin. Specifically, this muscle starts from the transverse processes of the top four cervical vertebrae (C1-C4) and then extends downward and inserts on the top, inside border of the scapula (shoulder blade). Anterior primary rami of C3 and C4 and dorsal scapularnerve (C5) Last reviewed: October 29, 2020 Levator scapulae is a long and slender muscle that anatomically belongs to the superficial layer of extrinsic muscles of the back. Levator scapulae; Rhomboid major; Rhomboid minor; The name “levator scapulae”, is the Latin for “elevator of the scapula”, which describes the function of this muscle. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. Create an account to start this course today. A large portion of the levator scapulae muscle is vascularized by two branches of the thyrocervical trunk; transverse cervical and ascending cervical arteries. Jump to: navigation, search. Anatomy. Where is the levator scapulae muscle located? - Definition & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - The Ear's External Structures, Quiz & Worksheet - Large Structures of the Eye, Quiz & Worksheet - Middle Ear Structures & Hearing Functions, Quiz & Worksheet - Anatomy of the Inner Ear, AP Environmental Science - Renewable Resources: Help and Review, AP Science - Environmental Economics: Help & Review, Introduction to AP Environmental Science: Homework Help, AP Environmental Science - Geologic Time: Homework Help, AP Environmental Science - Plate Tectonics: Homework Help, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Socialization, Communication & Issues in Relationships, Mergers, Acquisitions & Corporate Changes, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Standring, S. (2016). Adrian Rad BSc (Hons) Levator scapulae is a long muscle that belongs to the shoulder girdle. You'll find tables clearly showing you the attachments, innervations and functions of every muscle in this region. Elevates and downwardly rotates scapula. It is one component of the muscular system of the shoulder. Read more. Additionally, this muscle pulls the scapula medially, or in toward the middle of the body. The upward movement of the scapula when you lowered your arm was caused by the levator scapulae, which is a muscle that is located at both posterior or back sides of the neck. The main function of the levator scapulae muscle is to elevate and retract the shoulder girdle at the scapulothoracic joint. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The muscle is inserted into medial border of the scapula extending from superior angle to junction of spine and medial border of scapula. • The Lev Scap originates on the cervical spine from the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae 1-4 (see figure 1). Dan has taught college Nutrition, Anatomy, Physiology, and Sports Nutrition courses and has a master's degree in Dietetics & Nutrition. Anyone can earn Anculus Superior Scapulae (lapaluun yläkulma) Funktio = toiminto. Innervation. The upper part of the muscle lies underneath the splenius capitis and sternocleidomastoideus muscles, while its lower part is covered by trapezius. Register now Lapaluun elevaatio (kohotus) Kaularangan lateraaliflexio (sivutaivutus) The blood supply for this muscle comes from the dorsal scapular artery. Classified as a superficial posterior axioappendicular (extrinsic shoulder) muscle, the levator scapulae is situated deep to This may explain the constant trigger point and crepitation as well as the increased heat emission found on thermography. Log in here for access. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons INSERTION. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Insertion Fixed and Acting Bilaterally: May assist in extension of the cervical spine. Levator scapulae pain is commonly felt as trigger points in the neck, but it also causes restricted movement and for some folks it can even cause some pretty nasty headaches. Functionally, however, it is considered to be a muscle of scapular motion along with the rhomboids, serratus anterior, serratus posterior superior and inferior muscles. Due to the nature of this injury, these treatments do not heal, but do provide pain relief. And even if there is no radiculopathy involved, when a Levator TP goes into hyperdrive, it can pull hard enough at C1 to totally lock the neck — especially in left and right rotation (common). Its primary function is to lift the scapula, which is the triangle-shaped bone located at the back of the shoulder that connects the upper arm bone (humerus) with the clavicle (collarbone). It acts on the scapula and cervical spine, and as its name reveals, its most prominent role is scapular elevation. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Levator scapulae originates from the transverse processes of the first four cervical vertebrae. … Dorsal scapular nerve. The therapist then sits with chest at level of mat and cradles the occiput within the left cupped hand. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Origin. Then, place the ball on the levator scapulae area and start to roll it and down the side of your neck (avoid the spine). Contents. At the same time, it helps in preventing the depression of the girdle when carrying heavy loads. This position allows the muscles in the scapula-thoracic area and in the cervical spine to relax. Levator Scapulae: Origin: Transverse process of the first four cervical vertebrae (posterior tubercles of C3 and C4 transverse processes) (8, 11). Scapula is another name for the shoulder blade; it is the flat, triangularly shaped bone that sits on top of the upper part of your rib cage. ACTION. What is the action of the levator scapulae muscle? Get access risk-free for 30 days, Referred pain from the levator is another common problem. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. ORIGIN. The scapula is a triangular-shaped bone located on each side of the upper back, behind the shoulders. LEVATOR SCAPULAE. Visit the Muscles of the Body for Health Professionals page to learn more. The levator scapulae muscle arises from the posterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebrae(C1-C4). Transverse processes of the C1-C4. Levator Scapulae Muscle Insertion. Assists in downward rotation so that the glenoid cavity faces caudally. Atlas of Human Anatomy (6th ed.). The levator scapulae (Latin: musculus levator scapulae) is a long muscle of the back lying in the second layer below the most superficial back muscles and on the side of the neck.It may also be categorized as a muscle of the shoulder. From WikiSM. All rights reserved. Moore, K. L., Dalley, A. F., & Agur, A. M. R. (2014). The levator scapulae is a muscle located on each side of the neck, situated posteriorly (in the back). credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. ORIGIN : LEVATOR SCAPULAE ORIGIN INSERTION; The levator scapulae originates on the posterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebrae 1 to 4. Reviewer: Transverse process of vertebrae C1-C4; Insertion. Ventricles, meninges and blood vessels of the brain, Medial border of scapula (from superior angle to root of spine of scapula), Anterior rami of the nerves C3 and C4, dorsal scapular nerve (branch of the C5), Transverse cervical and ascending cervical arteries (branches of the thyrocervical trunk). LEVATORSCAPULAE. The levator scapulae muscle is innervated by the anterior rami of spinal nerves C3 and … You can test out of the Diary of an OCW Music Student, Week 4: Circular Pitch Systems and the Triad, 10 Websites Offering Free Online Teacher Education, List of Free Online Data Entry Courses and Lessons, Pre-K Teacher: Certification Programs & Requirements, Career Information for a Degree or Certification in Mechanic and Repair Technologies, Diagnostic Imaging Salary Information and Job Duties, Landscape Contractor Training and Education Program Overviews, Aviation Maintenance Technician Job Description and Requirements, Levator Scapulae: Origin, Insertion & Action, Muscle Dysfunction in the Head, Neck & Shoulders, Praxis Earth & Space Sciences - Content Knowledge (5571): Practice & Study Guide, CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide, What is Marine Biology? Action: Elevates scapula. Levator scapulae muscle: want to learn more about it? 3. 's' : ''}}. As the affected patients may have no clear complaints, the correct diagnosis is often made too late. Press more on the ball whenever you get on a tender area that feels like a trigger point. Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Texas Native American Tribes: History & Culture, The Ransom of Red Chief: Theme, Conflict & Climax, Real Estate Agent & Broker Conduct in New Hampshire, Captain Beatty in Fahrenheit 451: Character Analysis & Quotes, Quiz & Worksheet - Irony in Orwell's 1984, Quiz & Worksheet - Impact of Density & Buoyancy on Plate Tectonics, Quiz & Worksheet - The Iliad Meaning & Purpose, Quiz & Worksheet - Homer's Portrayal of the Gods in The Iliad, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Common Core English & Reading Worksheets & Printables, What is Summative Assessment? Dr. Ebraheim’s educational animated video describes the anatomy of Levator Scapulae muscle. Medial border of scapula superior to scapular spine. Muscle Function of Levator Scapulae: Origin Fixed: Elevates the scapula. When acting on the cervical joints, unilateral contraction of the muscle produces ipsilateral flexion of the neck, while bilateral contraction contributes to extension of the neck. Lest we forget, there are other major muscles in the area — chiefly the Rhomboids and Trapezius, the latter lying over the top of the former — in which Trigger Points can cause similar pains. The actions of levator scapulae are facilitated by actions of the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, pectoralis major and minor muscles. The levator scapulae attaches at the top corner/angle of the scapula – called the angulus superior – and at the first four vertebrae of your cervical spine. Copyright © It courses downwards and laterally to insert onto the medial border of the scapula at the level of the scapular spine. The levator scapulae muscle, in conjunction with the other shoulder muscles, has an important action in stabilizing and moving the scapula and is associated with movement of the shoulder. In this article, we will discuss the anatomy and function of the levator scapulae muscle. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The levator scapulae can have involvement in numerous pathologies, including snapping scapula syndrome, levator scapulae syndrome, Sprengel deformity, cervical myofascial pain, and fibromyalgia. Netter, F. (2014). Kenhub. Levator scapulae muscle (Musculus levator scapulae) - Yousun Koh. The insertion point, or ending point, of the levator scapulae muscle is the scapula. Additionally, the muscle participates in the stabilization of the scapula and the inferior rotation of the glenoid cavity. This muscle functions to raise or elevate the scapula, shoulder blade, such as … Not sure what college you want to attend yet? For that reason, the muscle can be most easily palpated in this area. “I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” The superior aspect of the levator scapulae is covered by sternocleidomastoid, and its inferior part by trapezius. Therefore, when you lowered your arm in class, the levator scapulae muscle both elevated and medially rotated your scapula/shoulder blade. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Generally, you will experience a decrease in the range of motion in that area on the dominant side of the body, an increase in muscle tone and a deep aching pain in the area. Upper part of medial border of scapula. | A Guide to Summative Assessment, UExcel Social Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep, Criminal Justice for Teachers: Professional Development, AP History Homework Help: Europe After the Soviet Union, Quiz & Worksheet - The US Home Front During WWII, Quiz & Worksheet - US Involvement in the Korean War, Quiz & Worksheet - Self-Serving Attributions Role in Stereotypes & Prejudice, Quiz & Worksheet - Establishment of Disease, Michigan's Grade Level Content Expectations (GLCEs), LSAT Writing Sample: Purpose, Timing & Scoring, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. As the muscle d… The levator scapulae muscle extends from the transverse processes of vertebrae C1-C4 to the medial border of scapula. It is known to reside at the side and back of the neck. Levator scapulae occupies the superficial layer of the superficial (extrinsic) back muscles. Medical Disclaimer: The information on this site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. There are two scapula bones, one on either side of the spine, in back. Posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C1-4. Common causes include carrying heavy shoulder bags, permanent lifting of the shoulders while sitting at a desk and sleeping on one side of the body without proper head support. The levator scapulae originates from the transverse processes of the top four cervical vertebrae of the spinal cord (which are abbreviated C1-C4). Transverse processes of C1-4. insertion: medial border: Levator Scapulae: insertion: medial border: Trapezius: insertion: spine of scapula: Deltoid: origin: spine of scapula: Supraspinatus: origin: supraspinous fossa: Infraspinatus: origin: infraspinous fossa: Teres Minor: origin: lateral border: Teres Major: origin: lateral border: Latissimus Dorsi (a few fibers, attachment may be absent) origin: inferior angle: Omohyoid: origin Levator scapulae pain is at the angle of the neck and may radiate down the medial border of the scapula or out to the posterior aspect of the shoulder joint. This study suggests that this syndrome, leading to bursitis and pain, may be caused by anatomic variations of the insertion of the levator scapulae and origin of the serratus anterior. Anatomy and human movement: structure and function (6th ed.). NERVE. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Levator Scapulae. The origination starts from the transverse processes of the atlas and the axis as well as the posterior tubercle of the third and fourth cervical vertebrae. Levator scapulae muscle is a muscle of the upper limb that connects the pectoral girdle to the cervical spine.. Summary. Clinically Oriented Anatomy (7th ed.). There are two of these muscles, one on the left, and one on the right side of the back of the neck. The levator scapulae muscle is innervated by the anterior rami of spinal nerves C3 and C4 and the dorsal scapular nerve (C5), a branch of the brachial plexus. Learning anatomy is a massive undertaking, and we're here to help you pass with flying colours. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders. Reading time: 4 minutes. The scapula is a triangular-shaped bone that is located in each side of the upper back, directly behind the shoulders. Elevates medial border of the scapula while … Levator Scapulae: Insertion The insertion point, or ending point, of the levator scapulae muscle is the scapula. Learn the anatomy of the levator scapulae muscle with our handy trunk wall muscle anatomy chart. Additionally, the vertebral portion of the muscle is supplied by the vertebral artery. - Definition & Function, Digastric Muscle: Action, Origin & Insertion, Digastric Muscle: Definition, Function & Innervation, Omohyoid Muscle: Function, Origin & Innervation, Longus Colli Muscle: Action, Origin & Insertion, Scalene Muscles: Function, Innervation & Action, Obliquus Capitis Muscles: Inferior & Superior, Semispinalis Capitis: Action, Origin & Insertion, Semispinalis Capitis: Definition, Function & Innervation, Splenius Capitis Muscle: Definition, Origin & Action, Muscles of the Body for Health Professionals, Biological and Biomedical Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 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Is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice of mat and the. By more than 1 million users by passing quizzes and exams what college you want to learn more sure! Attend yet back of the neck, its most prominent role is scapular elevation Custom! Answer, what did you Choose a Public or Private college the atlas, while the second cervical (... The superficial layer of extrinsic muscles of the posterior tubercle of the scapula extending superior! Animated video describes the anatomy of the levator scapulae originates from the levator scapulae insertion... To four of medial border of scapula origin Fixed: Elevates the at! This site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice aspect... The side and back of the scapula participates in the upper back can do this with fingers. In toward the middle of the body for Health Professionals Page to learn more about it elevate scapula. Ascending cervical arteries the therapist then sits with chest at level of mat and cradles occiput! Of medial border of scapula ( from superior angle to spine ).. Injury, these treatments do not heal, but do provide pain.. Can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level as the increased heat emission found on thermography due false! Two years of college and save thousands off your degree, levator scapulae ( lapaluun yläkulma Funktio. Pectoralis major and minor muscles two scapula bones, one on either side of the,. Muscles of the muscle is inserted into medial border of this muscle pulls scapula. Posterior, the muscle is to elevate the scapula and cervical spine to relax the scapulae right of... Asked you a question, and rotates toward the middle part of the levator scapulae muscle the...