The future tense of regular verbs is formed by adding the endings shown in Table 1. P.S. In French, as in English, the future tense and the aller + infinitive future can’t always be used interchangeably, although, in many situations, both versions would be correct. While the French future tense has a full set of conjugations, the English equivalent is just the modal verb "will" plus the main verb. (I'll go downtown this afternoon.) For ‐re verbs, drop the final e before adding the appropriate future ending: For ‐er verbs, if the stem has two consecutive pronounced consonants before ‐er, the e of the ‐er infinitive ending is pronounced: If the stem has one pronounced consonant before ‐er, the e of the ‐er infinitive is silent: All verbs that require spelling changes form the future in the same way as regular verbs: infinitive + future ending. These irregular verbs are, of course, also present in the French future tense. (I'll see you tomorrow.) Basic Future Tense in French The French future tense talks about upcoming events. Feel free to come back to this page as often as you like in order to familiarize yourself with the rules. Future Tense. Le futur simple corresponds to the will-future tense in English. The French future tense is often used with these words: Most verbs in the future tense consist of this format: the infinitive (or the regular form of the verb) + an ending similar to that of the present tense of. We express the idea of future actions in English and French in different ways in the simple future tense. It equates to will in English; I will eat. One of the ways to express the future tense in French is to use the simple future tense, called le futur simple. Je te reverrai demain. I think he is coming (is going to come, will come). Remember that all object and adverbial pronouns must remain before the conjugated form of the verb: Note the following about when and when not to use the future in French: Be careful to distinguish “will” as used to form the future and the verb vouloir (to wish, to want), which translates as “will” when it expresses “willingness”: The future tense is NOT used in French in a subordinate clause requiring the subjunctive: When the main clause is in the present tense, the future or the present may be used after croire que (to believe that), penser que (to think that), savoir que (to know that), espérer que (to hope that), and ne pas savoir si (to not know if) to express a future action: The future may be used conversationally to express probability or supposition, especially with avoir and ětre: The future tense is used after the following conjunctions of time when the verb in the main clause is in the future tense, even if the present tense is used in English: Previous (They will eat on the plane.) The Futur Anterieur. Note that in French, we spell “le futur” without an E. Also, there is nothing “simple” about the future in French… USING THE FUTURE TENSE IN FRENCH. Note the following about forming the future tense of regular verbs: Endings are added to the complete infinitive of ‐er and ‐ir verbs. In formal language such as in journalism or in narration of factual events. The 'simple' future (le futur) is so-named because it is a one-word tense. Macaron addict. French II: Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Infinitive Preceded by Adjectives and Nouns, Infinitive in Interrogatives Exclamations. STEP 3: Worksheet #1 – Futur proche vs Futur simple STEP 4: Worksheet #2 – Complete sentences by filling in the blanks with verbs in the futur simple. Note that in French, there is no translation for the often-used “will” in English. ¨ The verbs from all groups have the same 6 endings in common : ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont ¨ The verbs of the 1st and 2 nd groups generally keep their infinitive form but those from the 3 rd group are most of the time irregular (vouloir = je voudrai). For -er and … – I am going to eat a pizza. (He’s going to miss the train.). STEP 5: Practice, practice, practice … Phone: + 33 782 171 213 French Future Tense Proverbs and Quotes “Qui vivra verra” – French proverb “Qui vivra verra” is a widely used French proverb that uses the simple future tense. A simple explanation of "Conjugate aller in Le Futur (future tense)". Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. Add the future endings to these stems to get the correct future form, as shown in the following list. How to Express Your Emotions in French, Basic French Vocabulary for Babies and Toddlers: Colors, Shapes, Common Objects, Facebook (+153 000 Fans) [/symple_box], Je prends le train de neuf heures. (I’m taking the nine o’clock train. Regular Verbs (1) 5. This future tense is easy to form however you’ll have to memorize certain irregular stems because they just happen to be important verbs. Suitable for KS4 and as a revision for Yr12 The future stem for -erand -irverbs is the infinitive. Removing #book# Here are some things to remember about the future tense when speaking in French: Some examples: donner (to give), finir (to finish), and attendre (to wait), [symple_box color=”yellow” text_align=”left” width=”100%” float=”none”] Quick tip: je is shortened to j’ when preceding a word that begins with a vowel, h, or the French word y. As you might have guessed, the simple future tense is used to talk about an action or event which will take place after the moment when we are actually speaking. Irregularities in the future also occur in related verbs: To negate a sentence in the future, simply put ne and the negative word around the conjugated verb: Remember that pronouns remain before the conjugated verb: To form a question using inversion, reverse the order of the subject pronoun and the verb and join them with a hyphen: To negate an inverted question, put ne and the negative expression around the inverted form. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Le futur simple, Je ai nous ons tu as vous ez, Past present or future tense work, Rr eaadd, Paragraph using french future tense, How to conjugate french verbs present tense, , Simple present past and future tenses. Forming the future simple in French. French: Simple future. Conjugating verbs can be one of the most difficult topics to learn. In French, the future with aller is known as the futur proche, (close future). Verbs that are irregular in the future (and the derivatives of these verbs) have future stems (verb forms to which endings are added) ending in ‐r or ‐rr.Add the future endings to these stems to get the correct future form, as shown in the following list. The near future tense, or le futur proche, is a tense that we use to express an action that will happen very shortly in the future. French Simple Future Tense Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - French Simple Future Tense . For example: 1. The stem is the same as the infinitive for -er, -ir and -re verbs, except that the final -e of … Twitter (+ 40 000 followers) Simple future is often used with words expressing the future such as: 1. demain(tomorrow) 2. plus tard(later) 3. dans un moment(in a moment) 4. la semaine prochaine(next week) 5. le mois prochain(next month) 6. l'année prochaine(next year) Example: L'année prochaine, j'étudierai aux Etats-Unis. (You’re going to fall if you carry on. and any corresponding bookmarks? Future Tense French Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Future Tense French . The future proche is a composite tense formed by combining the following: subject + conjugated form of aller + infinitive of a verb. Après les Examens; 10. ), Tu vas tomber si tu continues. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. (Next year, I will studyin the United States.) This is because it is usually used for events that are going to happen in the near future. Simple future. This happens by using the commonly used verb aller. The futur simple (simple future) describes what will happen for predictions and future projects. Irregularities in the future also occur in related verbs: 1. The following are exceptions to this rule: For verbs ending in ‐yer (except envoyer, which is irregular and has enverr‐ as its stem), change y to i in all forms of the future tense. Samedi Prochain; 9. In short, it is this formula: Future tense of … The endings for the simple future are: -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont. 1 – Construction of French Future Tense – Le Futur Simple Le futur simple indicates that an action will take place some time in the future. bookmarked pages associated with this title. [/symple_box]. This tense is For regular -RE verbs omit the final E on the infinitive. ), Il va manquer le train. Je vais manger une pizza. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools French II Past Tenses, Next All rights reserved. The future tense of most verbs is formed by: Adding -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont; To the infinitive; The immediate future can be formed by: Using the verb aller + infinitive; This form of the future is basically used in the same way as the “to be going to” future in English. The verb avoir becomes  aurai, auras, aura, aurons, aurez, auront, The verb être becomes serai, seras, sera, serons, serez, seront, The verb faire becomes ferai, feras, fera, ferons, ferez, feront, The verb aller becomes irai, iras, ira, irons, irez, iront. It is formed with a “future stem” which is basically similar to the infinitive, combined with an ending that is dependent on the subject. French Future Tense Le Futur or Futur Simple is the future tense of the indicative mood. An example is the word attendre used in the examples on the table above. In English, the future is composed of ''will'' plus a main verb, while in French Le Futur is a complete set of verb conjugations. Jacques Audiard fan. STEP 2: Watch my video tutorial. Future Tenses in French – Future Proche, Future Simple, which one to use The future in French can be expressed in three different ways – le futur proche (aller + infinitive form of the verb), le futur simple or even at times with le présent. [symple_highlight color=”green”]Reading time: 8 minutes[/symple_highlight] [symple_highlight color=”green”]Difficulty: Beginner- Intermediate[/symple_highlight]. Before we end this topic, here is a quick review of what we have just learned: [symple_box color=”red” text_align=”left” width=”100%” float=”none”]. Besides, French future tense is not  too complicated to learn. For example: In informal speech and simple statements, the present tense can be used to talk about a future event. Some of the worksheets displayed are Je ai nous ons tu as vous ez il elle on a ils, How to conjugate french verbs present tense, Present tense 1, Work, Future perfect tense work, Complete french grammar, Simple present past and future tenses, Future tense with going to what is sara going to do. French also uses an equivalent of the English ‘going to’ to talk about something that will happen in the near future. Future Endings (3) 4. French future tenses do not use an equivalent of the English word ‘will’ or ‘shall’ to indicate a future event. For other lessons on learning French, you can also check out the other articles in this website. Examples are such as the ones used above for donner and finir. Its English equivalent is “I will ______.” Le futurinvolves using the infinitive (or irregular stem) and then adding the correct avoir ending. The future tense, is used to express actions that will occur in the future. Tu (prendre) un thé. Your endings are –ai, –as, –a, –ons, –ez, and … The consonants ‘l’ and ‘t’ in those  verbs which end in -eler and -eter get doubled. We mostly use this tense to talk about future plans or intentions, as well as to make predictions about what may occur in the future. Note that the ending for the je, tu, il, and ils form is the present tense of avoir. The future tense endings are -ai, -as, -a, ons, ez, -ont and it is dependent on the subject. Here’s an example of the simple future (will) followed by an example of the near future (going to): Je manger ai une pizza. Regular Verbs (2) 6. For regular verbs ending in -er, -ir and, -re, the future stem is the same as the infinitive but the last -e in -re endings are removed. Instead, the ending of the verb is changed to make it into a one-word form of the future tense. Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, French vocabulary list: Le comportement humain (Human behavior), Free Resources – Talk in French Free Library, The future tense in English can be identified with the word. The simple future (or futur simple) is really easy to form, but there are (bien sûr!) http://LFWA.COM presents Group 1 regular French Verbs ending in "ER" in the Future Tense - Lesson 43 of Alexa’s popular Beginner’s French Essentials course. Just like always, there are sets of words which simply refuse to follow the rules. It's used to express actions that will happen in the future. Here’s an example of the simple future (will) followed by an example of the near future (going to): Je manger ai une pizza. Here are some things to remember about the future tense when speaking in French: In simple statements or informal speech, French often uses the present tense to tell something that’s going to happen in the close future. These events are slightly more uncertain because the amount of time needed to elapse is greater than the near future. It is formed by using ‘will’ or ‘shall’ together with ‘be’ and the present participle of the verb. Irregular Verbs (2) 8. For this, the verb. – I will eat a pizza. In addition, English also has progressive forms of the future tense (future progressive tense) which is used to indicate something that will be happening in the future. le futur simple. FUTUR SIMPLE COURSE & PRACTICE RESOURCES. Newsletter (+ 21 000 Happy Subscribers), Email: contact@talkinfrench.com You can use aller with an infinitive to refer to things that will happen in the immediate future. J'irai en ville cet après‐midi. Regular verbs and the majority of irregular verbs use their infinitives as the future stem, and there is a single set of future endings for all verbs. In other words, its formation is simple because there is no auxiliary. How do you form the French future perfect tense? The uses of these two constructions are very similar. The French future is used to talk about more general or distant future events. Le futur In English, we use the modal "will" plus a verb to talk about actions that will take place in the future, but in French there’s a future tense with a full set of conjugations for every verb. Just like in English, the present tense can also be used to tell something that hasn’t happened yet. [symple_box color=”blue” text_align=”left” width=”100%” float=”none”], The future tense is a verb tense that we use to talk about something that will happen in the future, or something that will be true. Instagram (+ 115 000 followers) For regular … Irregular Verbs (1) 7. This is different to the near future tense (or aller + infinitive) which describes what is going to happen. And conjugating verbs for future tense isn’t that simple. We conjugate the future tense by adding the endings -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez and -ont to the infinitive of the verb. The French future tenses Use the near future and the simple future tenses to talk about what will happen in the future. Since we’ll be talking about the Future tense, let us first define what it is. plenty of exceptions and irregulars to work with. To make our discussion easier, we will further divide the rules into 3: The simplest of the verbs, all you have to do is use the infinitive form and add the correct ending. The Future Tense (Legacy Unit - for older browsers) The Future Tense Grammar Explanation; 1. Nos Vacances cet été; 11. Demain je (finir) de lire cette bande-dessinée. Some changes in spelling for the future stem of regular -er verbs: For these kinds of verbs, the formula is simple: remove the last letter e, and add the appropriate ending. Conjugations table from your Reading List will also remove any The nous form is formed by adding ‐ons; the vous form is formed by adding ‐ez. Future Tense Endings (1) 2. But before you start to shudder or crawl under your bed in fear of what’s going to happen next, let me assure you that this topic is written as simply as possible for the convenience of newbie French learners. You can contact him on Twitter and Google +, How are you feeling? For regular verbs it is formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive: -ai, -as, -a, -ons-, -ez, -ont. You would be doing me a HUGE FAVOR by sharing it via Twitter, Facebook, Google + or Pinterest. Rules for regular verbs with -er and -ir endings. The word ‘going to’ followed by a verb is used to say something that will happen in the near future. But in French you don’t just add a verb for future tense, you also conjugate. Also known as the proper future tense, the simple future tense in French describes what will happen. Verbs ending in ‐ayer may or may not make this change: For verbs ending in e + consonant + ‐ er (but not é + consonant + ‐er), change the silent e before the infinitive ending to é in all forms of the future tense: With appeler and jeter, double the consonant in the future tense: Verbs that are irregular in the future (and the derivatives of these verbs) have future stems (verb forms to which endings are added) ending in ‐r or ‐rr. Conjugaisons du futur French future conjugations are, along with the conditional, the easiest in the entire language. There are around more than twenty verbs with irregular future stems. The simple future tense (le futur simple) is the basic form of the future, and the English equivalent of “will + verb.” Here’s an example of how the simple future tense is used: Ils mangeront dans l’avion. Forming the future perfect is simple enough; all you have to do is use the correct future tense of the auxiliary (either avoir or être) and combine it with the past participle of the verb. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# This saying is used when something is uncertain or … a couple of worksheets, one to introduce the future tense (also includes aller + infinitive) and secondly, a worksheet to practise them. In English, there’s a simple way to show the future tense: with “will”. But don’t worry because no matter how irregular these verbs are, they still make use of the same endings. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Good news, no? You can use a present tense in French to talk about something that will happen or be true in the future, just as in English. Complete the sentences with the futur simple form of the verbs in brackets. La semaine prochaine il (visiter) le nouveau musée. Future Tense Endings (2) 3. 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